Breast cancer is the second most common type of cancer for women in the United States. Men can get breast cancer as well, though it is rare. Breast cancer begins in the breast tissue when the cells in the breast change, grow out of control, and form a tumor. According to the National Institutes of Health, the types of breast cancer include:
Signs and symptoms include breast pain, change in size or shape of the breast, or a lump in or near the breast or armpit. If you notice any of these signs or symptoms, contact your physician immediately. Your physician will conduct diagnostic tests, such as a mammogram, ultrasound, biopsy, blood test, or a physical exam to check for lumps.
Performing self-examinations regularly, as well as getting regular mammograms (frequency recommended by your physician), can help; early detection of breast cancer is key. If you are overdue for a mammogram, schedule it today.